Bob's Photography Tips for Beginners
So now that you've got the equipment, or at least started to acquire your equipment, you're ready to take some pictures,
right?   In the days of film, taking pictures was costly so I was very careful  to not waste my shots.  I slowed down, I composed,
I thought about my lighting and what I really wanted to take a picture of.  With the advent of digital cameras, that's all changed
-- but it's not necessarily a bad thing.  I'm free now to experiment, to play, and to take multiple pictures when I really want to
get the shot I need (i.e. 5 frames a second during "the kiss" at the end of the wedding to make sure the bride doesn't have
that "eye-half-opened-zombie" look.

Unfortunately the art of composing has been sacrificed on the digital altar and most people just shoot like mad and then look
for one image that might have turned out right - or worse, they just publish every single shot they took.  My father-in-law, a
wonderful photographer, once told me that the difference between a good photographer and a great photographer is the size
of his trashcan.  Don't keep the bad ones, and if you do, for heaven's sake don't show them to anyone! :-)
2. Composition
Rules are meant to be broken, but overall, if you follow a few basic rules of composition you'll find that your pictures become
much more interesting.  Here they are, in no particular order:
The basic principle behind the rule of thirds is to imagine breaking an
image down into thirds (both horizontally and vertically) so that you have
9 parts.

As you’re taking an image you can do this in your mind, through your
viewfinder, or in the LCD display that you use to frame your shot.

With this grid in mind the ‘rule of thirds’ now identifies four important
parts of the image that you should consider placing points of interest in
as you frame your image.

Not only this – but it also gives you four ‘lines’ that are also useful
positions for elements in your photo.

The theory is that if you place points of interest in the intersections or
along the lines that your photo becomes more balanced and will enable
a viewer of the image to interact with it more naturally. Studies have
shown that when viewing images that people’s eyes usually go to one of
the intersection points most naturally rather than the center of the shot –
using the rule of thirds works with this natural way of viewing an image
rather than working against it.
Focus on the eyes
blah blah blah
The rule of thirds
This is the most basic and often overlooked composition rule.  Very often people place a person's head smack dab in the
middle of the picture (the bullseye technique).  This usually includes empty, boring space above the person's head, and
neglects interesting things in the space below.
Fill the frame
If your picture isn't interesting, get closer.
Focus on the eyes
blah blah blah
Focus on the eyes
blah blah blah
Leading Lines
lead to your subject
Background
blur
Symmetry and Patterns
look for repeating patterns
The first thing you see
usually the brightest thing
Turn around
thing